The World Meteorological Organization or WMO on Wednesday announced that the current year will be the hottest in recorded history and the year 2016 can be even hotter. According to WMO officials, this is happening due to the El Niño weather pattern. For those who don’t know: El Niño is a natural weather pattern characterized by rising sea-surface temperatures of the Pacific Ocean.
The officials also warned that inaction on this climate change might see the average global temperatures rise by more than 6 degrees Celsius.
Michel Jarraud, the WMO director-general, believes that it’s still possible for the global climate summit beginning in Paris, France on Monday to agree on steps that can stop the temperature from rising by more than 2 degrees Celsius (a target set way back in 2010) over preindustrial times. Jarraud added that one has to, however, keep in mind that the more we will be waiting for action, the tougher the situation will become.
The WMO director-general said that there are scenarios when very strong decisions are taken resulting in extremely sharp and quick reduction in greenhouse gases, but there are also scenarios when no changes are made, and experts end up predicting an extra temperature rise of 5 or 6 degrees or more. According to Jarraud, what will happen now depends primarily on the decisions taken in Paris.
According to Jarraud, there’s no silver bullet for stopping climate change altogether. He said that it’s true that a powerful deal in the upcoming summit in Paris would be useful, but along with it citizens would need to opt for public transport instead of cars and insulate industries and homes for managing different sources of greenhouse gas emission. Examples of such sources include fertilizers, farming, cement, power stations and transports.
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Jarraud has rejected climate skeptics’ argument that the science leading to predictions about manmade climate change is flawed. According to him, it’s not about what we believe, it’s about what kind of facts we have in hand and here, the facts are very much there.
University of Reading climate scientist Paul Williams agreed with Jarraud. He said that all tree rings, satellite observations, ice cores, sea level records and thermometer readings will have to be wrong for the predictions about manmade climate change to be wrong.