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Live Ukraine war latest: Russian submarines retreat from Crimea after drone strike – The Telegraph

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Vladimir Putin is due to address the nation in a televised broadcast in Russia tonight amid calls to expand the country’s borders further into Ukraine.
Russian-installed leaders in occupied areas of four Ukrainian regions set out plans for referendums on joining Russia.
They would take place between September 23 and 27 in the Luhansk, Donetsk, Kherson and Zaporizhzhia provinces, representing around 15 per cent of Ukrainian territory or an area about the size of Hungary.
 Ukraine dismissed the plans as a stunt by Moscow to try to reclaim the initiative after crushing losses on the battlefield.
"The Russians can do whatever they want. It will not change anything," Ukraine’s Foreign Minister Dmytro Kuleba said in response ot the referendums.

US National Security Adviser Jake Sullivan said Washington and its allies would reject any such referendums.
Meanwhile Russia’s parliament on Tuesday rushed through a bill that introduces stricter punishment for desertion and refusal to fight in the time of martial law, the clearest sign yet that the Kremlin may be considering declaring a general mobilisation.
Follow the latest updates below.
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⚡️General Staff: Russia to transfer paratroopers from Syria to Ukraine.

Due to a lack of personnel, the Russian authorities have decided to withdraw units of the 217th Airborne Regiment from Syria and transfer them to the frontline in Ukraine, the General Staff said.
Bosnian Serb separatist leader Milorad Dodik met with Vladimir Putin in Moscow on Tuesday days after he endorsed Moscow’s aggression against Ukraine, Russian and Serbian media reported.
During a rare visit to Moscow by a politician from Europe, the Russian president praised his country’s "strategic partnership" with Serbia.
The visit came amid repeated warnings from the European Union that Serbia must align its foreign policies with the bloc if it really wants to become a member.
Mr Dodik, a Serb member of Bosnia’s tripartite presidency, has frequently met with Putin, especially ahead of elections when he wants to show to the highly pro-Russian Bosnian Serb electorate that he has Putin’s support. Mr Dodik last met Putin in June, months after Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in February.
Emmanuel Macron denounced pro-Russian separatists’ plans for referendums in Ukraine, saying any vote for annexation would be legally meaningless.
"I think what Russia announced is a travesty," he told reporters at the UN General Assembly, calling it a "new provocation" that "will have no consequence on our own position."
"The very idea of organizing referendums in regions witnessing war, which are suffering bombings, is the height of cynicism," Mr Macron said.
Russia is apparently trying to lure foreigners with the promise of citizenship if they fight against Ukraine 
Even with newly-recruited convicts, Russia is looking for more cannon fodder. Now they're inviting foreigners to enlist. Those who manage to survive can obtain Russian citizenship after one year of service.https://t.co/JdJACypA3V
The Dutch government announced an "unprecedented" 17.2 billion euro (£15 billion) package on Tuesday to help citizens facing soaring energy prices and double-figure inflation driven by the ongoing war in Ukraine.
Dutch King Willem-Alexander unveiled the package as he opened parliament in The Hague, amid public cheers and jeers and opinion polls showing dipping confidence in Prime Minister Mark Rutte’s government.
"A direct consequence of the war and the international sanctions against Russia is that gas, electricity and food have become considerably more expensive," the king said in his speech.
A summary of the new 2023 budget said the government is making 17.2 billion euros available next year and a further 4.9 billion in the following years.
The US denounced Russia’s planned referendums to annex parts of Ukraine as "sham" actions on Tuesday and said it would not recognise the results.
"These referenda are an affront to the principles of sovereignty and territorial integrity that underpin the international system," said White House National Security Advisor Jake Sullivan.
"If this does transpire, the United States will never recognize Russia’s claims to any purportedly annexed parts of Ukraine," he said.
Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Alexander Grushko in a Tuesday meeting with France’s ambassador to Moscow Pierre Levy warned Paris against the "unacceptable" delivery of weapons to Ukraine.
"Attention was focussed on the unacceptability of further pumping Ukraine with Western, including French, weapons that the Kyiv regime uses to shell civilian and infrastructure facilities," Russia’s foreign ministry said.
In mid-April the French government said it had delivered more than 100 million euros of military equipment to Ukraine.
A week later President Emmanuel Macron promised more aid, including Milan anti-tank missiles and Caesar self-propelled howitzers.
Russia is stepping up "nuclear blackmail" by bombing the site of Ukraine’s Pivdennoukrainsk nuclear power plant, its director Igor Polovich said on Tuesday.
With Monday’s strike in the southern Mykolaiv region "the second phase of their nuclear blackmail has begun," said Mr Polovich.
Attacks around nuclear facilities in Ukraine have spurred calls from Kyiv and its Western allies to de-militarise areas surrounding the complexes.
AFP reporters on Tuesday saw a deep crater strewn with shell fragments a few hundred metres from the Pivdennoukrainsk plant during a press trip organised by the Ukrainian nuclear energy agency Energoatom.
Russia should have carried out a nuclear strike on the Queen’s funeral, a controversial Russian TV host has said. 
Olga Skabeeva said that Monday was an opportune time to hit the UK as there were many important in attendance for the Queen’s funeral.
Appearing on the same show with her, State Duma deputy Andrey Gurulyov described Britain as the "root of all evil".
Meanwhile on Russian state TV: State Duma deputy Andrey Gurulyov threatened Britain with nuclear strikes.

Host Olga Skabeeva said that Russia should have conducted a nuclear strike on Monday, since many important people were in attendance for the Queen's funeral. pic.twitter.com/qRBbiPo52L
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan called for a "dignified way out" of the seven-month crisis sparked by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.
Mr Erdogan has been using his good working relations with both Moscow and Kyiv to try and find a diplomatic solution to the war.
He spoke to President Zelensky by phone moments before addressing the opening session of the United Nations General Assembly with an urgent appeal for peace.
"Together, we need to find a reasonably practical diplomatic solution that will give both sides a dignified way out of the crisis," Mr Erdogan told the United Nations.
 Moscow’s planned referendums seeking to annex additional territory in Ukraine will have no impact, Ukraine’s Foreign Minister Dmytro Kuleba said on Tuesday.
“The Russians can do whatever they want. It will not change anything," Mr Kuleba said in response to reporters’ questions at the start of a meeting with US Ambassador to the United Nations Linda Thomas-Greenfield.
Had a phone conversation with President of Türkiye @RTErdogan. Current security issues were discussed.
In ancient times, Kupyansk was a powerful Cossack settlement. Russia has left behind here the only thing it is capable of – destruction. But we will revive everything and restore the indomitable spirit of this city. Because Kupyansk is Ukraine. It was, is and will be so. pic.twitter.com/bAxp5yHVPw
German Chancellor Olaf Scholz denounced plans by Russian-backed forces to hold referenda in Ukraine, calling them a "sham" that must be rejected by the international community.
"It is very, very clear that these sham referenda cannot be accepted and are not covered by international law," Mr Scholz told reporters on Tuesday as he attended the UN General Assembly.
Ukraine will push for unprecedented and bespoke International Monetary Fund and World Bank packages worth tens of billions of dollars in the coming weeks to shore up its war-ravaged finances, the country’s top debt management chief told Reuters.
Ukraine’s army has regained swathes of its territory from Russia in recent weeks but the financial and humanitarian costs of the nearly eight-month-old war continue to rise.
Its budget this month estimated it faces a $38 billion (£33.4 billion) shortfall next year, money that will need to either come from the Western backers and multilaterals or else be printed. Those Western backers and multilaterals are already set to provide around $20 billion this year.
The International Monetary Fund looks ready to give it a boost by allowing countries struggling with global food price increases – a group that includes Ukraine – to draw more money from its main rapid financing facility.
A Moscow councillor who has been jailed for seven years for speaking against the invasion of Ukraine on Monday made a moving speech in court just before his appeal was turned down.
Alexei Gorinov was found guilty of discrediting the Russian armed forces in June and sent to prison for seven years after he called Russia a “fascist state” that wants to conquer Ukraine.
He was tried under a new war censorship law that makes any anti-war statement in Russia a criminal offence.
Read the speech in full 
The Russian-held region of Zaporizhzhia, home to Europe’s largest nuclear plant, will join three other occupied territories in holding votes on becoming part of Russia, a pro-Moscow official said on Tuesday.
"Today I signed an order on the holding of a referendum on the territorial allegiance of the region" from September 23 to 27, the head of the Russian-installed administration in Zaporizhzhia, Yevgeny Balitsky, said.
Kyiv and Moscow have blamed one another for a recent spate of shelling there and traded accusations of trying to use the prospect of a Fukushima or Chernobyl-style disaster as a form of blackmail.
UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres warned international leaders of a looming "winter of global discontent" in a world beset by multiple crises from the Ukraine war to a warming climate.
"A winter of global discontent is on the horizon," Mr Guterres said on Tuesday as he opened the annual General Assembly.
"Trust is crumbling, inequalities are exploding, our planet is burning. People are hurting – with the most vulnerable suffering the most."
Russians decided to respond asymmetrically to 🇺🇦 counteroffensive. Thinking that illegal "referendum" will stop HIMARS and the Armed Forces from destroying occupiers on our land. Do you really want to spend the time needed to escape for a new show? Try…It will be interesting…
Ex-Soviet Moldova has selected seven companies to secure gas from next month should supply from Russia’s Gazprom, be disrupted, a senior government official said.
Deputy Prime Minister Andrei Spinu, who has led Moldova’s team of negotiators in talks with Gazprom through a year of steep price increases, told a Moldovan television programme late on Monday that the Russian giant was "unpredictable".
Moldova can draw on 300 million euros put up by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development in the event of a break in Russian supply, he told JurnalTV.
"For now we have chosen seven companies. Gazprom is not among them," Mr Spinu said.
Moscow-backed separatists in Ukraine’s eastern Donbas region said on Tuesday that they will hold referenda on becoming part of Russia from September 23 to 27.
The votes will take place in the self-proclaimed Donetsk and Lugansk republics that President Putin recognised as independent shortly before sending troops to Ukraine in February, according to officials and news agencies.
Their integration into Russia would represent a major escalation of the military action in Ukraine.
Bulgaria’s state gas company, Bulgargaz, is launching three tenders for liquefied natural gas on Tuesday to avoid winter shortages and ensure long-term energy security, said its chief executive, Denitsa Zlateva
The Balkan country was almost totally reliant on Russian gas before Moscow cut deliveries in August and is now struggling to secure sufficient supplies at affordable prices for businesses in the European Union’s poorest member state.
The interim cabinet that took office in August after the collapse of the coalition led by reformist premier Kiril Petkov, which refused to pay for Russian gas in roubles, has asked Gazprom to consider restoring supplies to Bulgaria.
It is also holding talks with Azerbaijan to boost gas deliveries during the winter.
Prague will donate 20 trams and two buses to Ukraine to replace those destroyed in Kharkiv, Czech publication Novinsky reported.
"It is essential to start the reconstruction of the cities so refugees can return home, which is our common goal," according to a translation of comments made by mayor Zdenek Hrib.
Prague has been supporting transport companies in Ukraine for some years, having donated trams to Mariupol in the past.
Vladimir Putin said Russia would pursue its "sovereign course" on the international stage, ahead of the UN General Assembly.
After two years of pandemic restrictions and video addresses, the annual summit is returning in person on Tuesday, with the UN again asking leaders to come in person if they wish to speak – with the sole exception made for Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky.
"As for Russia, we will not deviate from our sovereign course," the Russian leader said in televised remarks Tuesday.
He said that Russia as a permanent member of the Security Council would work towards unity, help tackle global problems and "contribute to the settlement of acute regional conflicts".
French authorities are investigating threats against an exiled Russian dissident after he reported seeing a laser sight light in a possible assassination bid, a source close to the probe said on Tuesday.
Vladimir Osechkin, who leads the Gulagu.net NGO that specialises in uncovering abuses in Russian prisons, is a refugee in France and is based in the resort town of Biarritz on its southwest coast.
Mr Osechkin, an avowed opponent of President Vladimir Putin, said he was targeted on the evening of September 12 when he was at home with his wife and children and working in the dark.
"I noticed a moving red dot on the railing of one of the terraces and then moving towards me on the wall," he told AFP.
Three far-Right politicians from Germany have set off for the Russian-controlled Donbas unconvinced by second hand reports of the fighting writes Jorg Luyken.
Christian Blex, a member of the state parliament in North Rhine-Westphalia for the Alternative for Germany (AfD), said he and two colleagues had travelled to Russia from where they would proceed to the Donbas.
The aim of the trip was to “get a picture of the humanitarian picture on the ground,” Mr Blex said, claiming that German media reports were “highly one-sided and full of gaps.”
The AfD, which claims it was not made aware of the trip in advance, did not condemn it but called on the men to be transparent about how it was organised. 
AfD politicians have been strongly critical of the West’s response, calling for an immediate cessation of weapons deliveries and a lifting of sanctions.
Fresh fighting between ex-Soviet countries Armenia and Azerbaijan is concerning for Moscow, said Vladimir Putin.
"I want to underscore that any conflict scenarios between countries close to us cause us serious concern," said the Russian leader, calling on the historic foes to end their territorial disputes.
Fighting flared last week between the Caucasus countries, leaving more than 200 dead in the worst flare up since a war in 2020.
That six-week war ended with more than 6,500 deaths and a Russian peace deal, with Moscow dispatching thousands of peacekeeping forces.
Ukraine’s successful counteroffensive in Kharkiv has prompted a change in global attitudes towards the war, said US Lieutenant General (Ret.) Ben Hodges. 
Mr Hodges, who has helped train Ukrainian soldiers, said the operation ended “the mythology of Russia’s inevitable victory.”
“Now people around the world, in Europe and US, start thinking — wow, Ukraine can win,” he told the Kyiv Independent.
To achieve that victory, however, Ukrainians will need to keep the pressure up and deprive Russia of the chance to regroup, he said.
Ukraine is now deploying captured Russian tanks to solidify its gains in the northeast amid an ongoing counteroffensive, a Washington-based think tank said on Tuesday.
The Institute for the Study of War, citing a Russian claim, said that Ukraine had been using left-behind Russian T-72 tanks as it tries to push into the Russian-occupied region of Luhansk.
"The initial panic of the counteroffensive led Russian troops to abandon higher-quality equipment in working order, rather than the more damaged equipment left behind by Russian forces retreating from Kyiv in April, further indicating the severity of the Russian rout," the institute said.
Earlier this month, Ukraine launched its counteroffensive, pushing into territory around its second-largest city of Kharkiv.  
McDonald’s in Kyiv re-opened on Tuesday for the first time since Russia’s invasion, a sign life was returning to normal in the capital after nearly seven months of war.
The US burger chain said in a statement earlier that after talks with Ukrainian officials, security specialists and suppliers" it would re-open at first for delivery only.
There was a queue of delivery company employees outside one of restaurants on Tuesday waiting to collect orders.
"In October, these three restaurants will fully re-open along with McDrive and express windows," McDonald’s said in the statement.
Ukraine has shot down 55 Russian planes during the war, precluding Moscow from achieving air superiority, the top US Air Force commander for Europe said on Monday.
But Ukraine’s small air force lacks the capability to seize control, creating a situation in which the two sides are embroiled in a prolonged casualty-producing struggle on the ground, according to Gen. James Hecker, who commands the US Air Force in Europe and Africa.
“That’s what’s playing out in Ukraine right now. A lot of casualties because there’s not air superiority on either side of the house,” Gen. Hecker told the Wall Street Journal, providing a rare public look at the struggle for control of the skies over Ukraine.
The US has also provided Ukraine with HARM missiles that home in on enemy radar, which the Ukrainians are firing from their MiG-29 and Su-27 Soviet-era planes.
At least 80 per cent of Kyiv’s air force is intact, according to Gen. Hecker, who said that he speaks with the head of Ukraine’s air force every two weeks.
German Foreign Minister Annalena Baerbock vowed to support countries hardest hit by the fallout from Russia’s invasion of Ukraine as she heads to the UN General Assembly.
"The brutality of Russia’s war of aggression and its threat to the peace order in Europe have not blinded us to the fact that its dramatic effects are also clearly being felt in many other regions of the world," Ms Baerbock said.
"We are not only responsible for Europe, but together for the whole world," she said.
Some 150 leaders from around the world will gather in New York from today for the United Nations’ massive annual summit, returning in person after two years of pandemic restrictions and video addresses.
The focus will be on "how the horrific crimes committed in the name of Russia in Ukraine can be dealt with and prosecuted", she added.
Russia and Ukraine have agreed to swap 200 prisoners in one of the largest exchanges of the seven-month war, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan told US television.
Erdogan made the announcement after talks last week with Russian President Vladimir Putin on the sidelines of a regional summit in Uzbekistan.
Erdogan did not provide full details about the swap, calling the people being exchanged "hostages" and not saying how many there were from each side.
"Two hundred hostages will be exchanged upon agreement between the parties. I think a significant step will be taken forward," Erdogan told PBS television late Monday.
NATO member Turkey has tried to stay neutral in the conflict, supplying combat drones to Kyiv and shying away from Western-led sanctions against Moscow.
Erdogan said he had the "impression" that Putin was willing to end the war.
"We had very extensive discussions and he is actually showing me that he is willing to end this as soon as possible," Erdogan said.
"That was my impression because the way things are going right now are quite problematic."
Germany’s gas levy draft law should be agreed by the cabinet by the end of September and will impose restrictions on gas importers benefiting from its proceeds, three parliamentary and industry sources told Reuters.
Berlin plans to impose a gas levy on consumers from October 1 aiming to help importers with the additional costs of replacing Russian gas. Companies receiving aid through the levy should have at least 1 per cent of the market share, the sources said.
The levy draft bill excludes companies that made profits and would impose restrictions on the salaries that managers receive if the company is benefiting from the levy, they added. 
Former Russian President Dmitry Medvedev has said it is "essential" that Russian-backed separatists in Ukraine carry out referendums that would see their regions join Russia.
In a post on social media, Mr Medvedev said making the Moscow-backed Donetsk and Luhansk People’s Republics officially part of Russia was a vital step in protecting their interests and could further justify Russia’s use of military force to protect them.
On Monday, separatist leaders in the DPR and LPR agreed to "synchronise" efforts to stage referendums on joining Russia after local Russian-appointed officials stepped up their calls to hold the votes.
"Referendums in the Donbas are essential, not only for the systematic protection of residents of the LPR, DPR and other liberated territories, but also for the restoration of historic justice," Mr Medvedev said in a post on the Telegram messaging app.
A Ukrainian strike on a village in the Luhansk region of eastern Ukraine has killed seven people, the TASS news agency reported, citing Russian-installed authorities in the region.
The agency said the strike hit the village of Krasnorichenske in part of Luhansk region controlled by Russian forces. 
Prime Minister Liz Truss said the United Kingdom next year will meet or exceed the £2.3 billion ($2.63 billion) military aid spent on Ukraine in 2022, her office said.
The U.K.’s military support to Ukraine is likely to include equipment such as the Multiple Launch Rocket System, Truss’ office said in a statement. 
Hungary’s foreign minister said on Tuesday the European Union should not consider new sanctions against Russia as that would only deepen the energy supply crisis and hurt Europe.
"The EU should … stop mentioning an 8th package of sanctions, should stop flagging measures that would only further deepen the energy supply crisis," Peter Szijjarto said in his statement.
Russia’s Black Sea fleet has "almost certainly" relocated some of its submarines from their home port of Sevastopol in Crimea to Novorossiysk in Krasnodor Krai, southern Russia, the British military said on Tuesday.
The relocation is highly likely due to the recent change in the local security threat level in the face of increased Ukrainian long-range strike capability.
"In the last two months, the fleet headquarters and its main naval aviation airfield have been attacked," the ministry said in a post on Twitter.
"Guaranteeing the Black Sea Fleet’s Crimea basing was likely one of Russian President Vladimir Putin’s motivations for annexing the peninsula in 2014. Base security has now been directly undermined by Russia’s continued aggression against Ukraine."
Latest Defence Intelligence update on the situation in Ukraine – 20 September 2022

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Find out more about the UK government's response: https://t.co/gmR2GIiKs1

🇺🇦 #StandWithUkraine 🇺🇦 pic.twitter.com/svK8sD2icX
Liz Truss will this week vow to maintain spending on military aid to Ukraine as she embarks on her first overseas visit as Prime Minister, writes Daniel Martin.
She will use her trip to New York to announce the UK will meet or exceed the amount of money sent to Kyiv in 2022.
On a visit to the United Nations General Assembly, the Prime Minister will tell leaders that the West must put an end to Vladimir Putin’s economic blackmail by removing all energy dependence on Russia.
She will hold meetings with Joe Biden, the US president, Emmanuel Macron, the French president, and the EU’s Ursula von der Leyen.
Read the full story here
Ukraine has recaptured its first village in Luhansk, a region that Russian forces took five months to bomb into submission and conquer, writes James Kilner.
Belogorovka is the latest prize for Ukraine’s continuing counter-offensive pushing Russia away from the second city of Kharkiv.
The village lies only a dozen or so miles from the towns of Lysychansk and Severdonestsk, key regional economic centres in the wider Donbas region that the Kremlin has promised to defend at all costs.
Read the full story here
In the latest episode of our daily Ukraine podcast, we discuss the latest updates from Ukraine, analyse recent losses in Russian aviation and talk about the shifting tectonic plates of international influence in Central Asia, as Russian power in the region erodes.
Taiwan is "proud" of its efforts to help Ukraine in the country’s struggle to defend itself, President Tsai Ing-wen told a conference in New York.
Ukraine’s plight has won broad sympathy in Taiwan, where many see parallels between Ukraine’s situation and the threat Taipei’s government says it faces from China, which views the island as its own territory.
Taiwan has donated more than $30 million for humanitarian relief, mostly raised from the public, and joined in Western-led sanctions against Russia following its invasion. 
"As we watched the carnage of the Russian invasion, Taiwan is proud to play a role in the effort to assist the Ukrainians in their struggle to defend their country and freedom. We must continue with our efforts," Ms Tsai said in remarks pre-recorded from her office and played at the Concordia Summit on Monday.
Taiwan has been confronted by increasingly aggressive threats from China, she added.
"We have to educate ourselves on the authoritarian playbook, and understand that Taiwan’s democracy will not be the only thing the PRC seeks to extinguish," Ms Tsai said, referring to the People’s Republic of China.
Liz Truss has pledged to spend at least £2.3 billion next year on military aid to help Ukraine fend off Vladimir Putin’s invasion.
The Prime Minister said Britain will match or exceed the record support given to Volodymyr Zelensky’s "inspirational" troops.
Ms Truss announced the support as she prepared to fly to New York, where she will use a United Nations summit in the US to rally support in helping Ukraine fight Russia.
She will also try to rally world leaders to end energy dependence on Mr Putin’s gas as he turns the taps off on the Nord Stream 2 pipeline.
"By turning off the taps of the Nord Stream gas pipeline, Putin has consigned millions of people in Europe to a colder and more difficult winter," the Prime Minister said before departing for the US.
"Too many lives – in Ukraine, in Europe and around the world – are being manipulated by a dependence on Russian energy. We need to work together to end this once and for all."
Ukraine has recaptured its first village in Luhansk, a region that Russian forces took five months to bomb into submission and conquer
In Izyum, a town in Kharkiv region near Luhansk that Ukrainian forces liberated last week, investigators have found around 400 bodies buried in shallow graves. Some had their hands tied behind their backs and showed signs of torture
Ukrainian energy officials said that Russia had fired missiles at the South Ukrainian Nuclear Power Plant in the city of Yuzhnoukrainsk
Vladimir Putin faces being forced out of power over military failures or inflation, a former commander who led the pro-Russian 2014 separatist uprising in Ukraine has suggested
The Kremlin’s international credibility has also taken a battering after it was announced that Armenian and Azerbaijani officials will fly to New York for peace talks mediated by the US
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