2014 tops the chart as the warmest year Earth has ever experience since 1880, confirm two independent and separate analyses performed by NASA and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) scientists last Friday.
“NASA is at the forefront of the scientific investigation of the dynamics of the Earth’s climate on a global scale,” said John Grunsfeld, associate administrator for the Science Mission Directorate at NASA Headquarters in Washington. “The observed long-term warming trend and the ranking of 2014 as the warmest year on record reinforce the importance for NASA to study Earth as a complete system, and particularly to understand the role and impacts of human activity.”
Reportedly Alaska and many other parts of western United States experienced extreme heat last year. Temperature moved to record highs in quite a few European countries.
Also, excluding Antarctica, the ocean surface turned exceptionally warm which causes severe Pacific storms, researchers noted. 2010 used to be regarded as the warmest year and now 2014 just surpassed it. The 10 warmest years on record have all occurred since 1997.
This comes across as an extremely disturbing trend which is likely to possess serious long term adverse effects as far as nature and civilization are concerned.
Reportedly Earth’s average surface temperature has gone up by about 1.4 degrees Fahrenheit (0.8 degrees Celsius) since 1880, mostly due to the the increase in carbon dioxide and other human emissions. Maximum warming took place during the last three decades.
Only large inhabited land areas of the eastern half of the United States showed below-average temperatures in 2014, regarded to be an exactly opposite event when compared to the extreme heat in the West. Some experts consider this observation to be an indirect effect of greenhouse gases although no clear evidence in support of such view is still available, reports The New York Times.
Another interesting finding was in 2014; there was not even a single occurrence of El Niño through which the ocean throws up huge amount of heat into the atmosphere. The global warming and issues like climate change are of great concern, said scientists from across the globe.